What is Acne? Symptoms, Causes and Remedies

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What is Acne? Symptoms, causes and some home remedies of Acne

Statistics show that acne is one serious worry of most teenagers and young adults around the world. Being a victim of this skin disorder and will like to share some home remedies to help others rid of their acne breakouts. It’s certainly an obstacle to completely fancy what life offers throughout your adolescent years. It ruins your confidence to say and do what you wish. It might even affect a person’s relationship towards his/her loved ones and others. However, we’ve many ways to settle on from, to exterminate this acne. The good news is that you don’t need to go that far in looking or searching for your remedies! There are a lot of home treatments for acne all over! And, you can surely find some of them in your kitchen or garden. If not, the closest store can for certain have one non-prescriptive product for you! You should know that there is no way that you can lose in your fight against this unwanted skin disease. With the acne home remedies all over, I am certain they will surely leave you worry-free!

What is acne?

how to get rid of acne scars

Acne vulgaris is a provocative or an inflammatory disease of the skin, provoked by changes in the pilosebaceous units (structures of the skin which contains hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland). Acne lesions are often referred to as pimples, spots or zits.

The condition of acne breakout is common in pubescence, especially among Western societies most likely due to a higher genetic predisposition. It is provoked by an abnormal response to normal levels of the male hormone testosterone. The response for many folks diminishes over time and the skin disorder or acne breakouts tend to disappear, or at least decreases after one reaches their early twenties. However, it can’t be predicted how long it will take for it to entirely disappear. This is because some individuals continue to suffer from acne decades later, into their thirties and forties and even beyond. Acne affects an outsized proportion of humans at some stage in life.


Acne vulgaris

The most common type of acne breakout is called “acne vulgaris”, meaning “common acne.” Excessive secretion of oils from the sebaceous glands combines with naturally occurring dead skin cells to block the hair follicles. There also appears to be in some instances a faulty keratinization process in the skin leading to abnormal shedding of the skin lining the pores. Oil secretions develop below the blocked pore, providing a perfect environment for the skin bacteria Propionibacterium acnes to multiply uncontrolled. In response, the skin inflames, developing the visible lesion. The face, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms are particularly affected.

The typical skin disorder or acne lesions are comedones, papules, pustules, nodules and inflammatory cysts. These are the most inflamed form of pus-filled or reddish bumps, and also boil-like tender swellings. Non-inflamed ‘sebaceous cysts’, are properly known as epidermoid cysts, occur either in association with acne or alone but are not a constant feature. Some unwanted acne lesion scars might remain after the treatment of acne.

Aside from scarring, its main effects are psychological, like reduced confidence and depression. Most at times, acne occurs during adolescence, when so many people already tend to be most socially insecure.

Some liable factors known to be linked to acne causes and Top 5 acne remedies to help you get rid of your acne quick Click To Tweet

Causes of acne

Exactly why some folks develop acne or skin disorder and some do not is not fully known. It is known to be partly hereditary. Below are some liable factors known to be linked to acne:

Hormonal activity, such as menstrual cycles and puberty

Your menstrual cycle can directly cause an impact on your skin and hormones are to blame. The same way hormones bring about or trigger acne development during puberty, they also play a big role in the breakouts you get right before your monthly cycle.

Hormones are also culprits for acne development during pregnancy as well as menopause, too. Specifically, we’re looking at testosterone.

The fact that we think of testosterone as a “male” hormone, women generate it too, just in lower levels than men. Testosterone is seen as a culprit in acne development because it triggers your sebaceous glands to develop or produce more sebum or oil.

  1. Stress, through increased output of hormones from the adrenal (stress) glands.

how does stress cause acne or pimple

Acne-prone skin is the result of a combination of factors that lead to blocked pores, some of which are influenced by hormones—cortisol and androgens, for example—that are secreted by the endocrine system in response to stress.

These hormones increase the manufacture of sebum, a defensive, oily substance naturally produced by glands near skin hair follicles inside of the pilosebaceous unit as part of the skin’s immune system. With high levels of Propionibacterium acnes, a microorganism living in human skin that feeds of oil or sebum puts stress on the pilosebaceous duct and catalyzes an immune system response.

White blood cells drawn to this microorganism or bacterium secrete an impetus or enzyme that may harm the wall of the hair follicle, discharging its contents into the hair shaft, leading to an inflammatory reaction.

These factors independently and together contribute to the environs that give rise to and perpetuates acne.

Interestingly, there’s some analysis suggesting that individual variations within the microorganism or bacterial populations of the gut microbiome, which are impacted by stress and which play a modulatory role on systemic immunity, may also affect acne.

Hyperactive sebaceous glands, secondary to the three hormone sources above.

c)	Hyperactive sebaceous glands, secondary to the three hormone sources above.
sebaceous gland

Several factors contribute to sebaceous hyperplasia. The biggest is a decrease in androgen hormones. Androgen hormones play a big role in the inner workings of our sebaceous glands.

Androgens (specifical testosterone) stimulate the sebaceous glands to create more oil. When there is an increase in androgens, there is also an increase in sebaceous gland activity. During puberty, there is a huge increase in androgens. That’s why your skin is typically much oilier during the teen years than it is at other times in your life. Additionally, this explains why acne increases or spikes during puberty; there’s an identical spike in androgens.

As we age, androgen hormones decrease. This slows down the sebaceous gland activity. And it’s not just oil production. The natural cell turnover rate within the sebaceous glands slows down as well. The cells back up within the gland, causing that overabundance and enlargement of the gland.

There also seems to be a genetic link. If someone in your family has sebaceous hyperplasia, you’re more prone to developing it too, because it is hereditary (but not contagious)

Accumulation of dead skin cells

For most individuals, pimples or acne is an inherited condition of the pores. When somebody is at risk to pimples, their pores clog with dead skin cells much faster than normal. Healthy pores shed close to one layer of dead skin cells per day within the pore, but acne-prone pores shed up to five layers of dead skin cells per day. The body simply can’t sustain with keeping the pore clear. Technically, this is called “retention hyperkeratosis” i.e dead skin cells shedding more quickly than the pore can expel them.

Bacteria in the pores, to which the body becomes ‘allergic’.

The microorganism or bacterial that causes pimples are known as Propionibacterium acnes. They become a problem only when a pore becomes blocked. This happens when excess oil or sebum mixes with dead skin cells to form a “plug.” The bacteria build up in the oil inside the blocked pore. The body responds by sending cells to kill the bacteria, causing the pore and surrounding skin to swell and creating the little red bumps with white centres known as pimples.

Skin irritation or scratching of any sort will activate inflammation.

‘If the oil is the cause of most breakouts,’ you might be thinking, ‘then why is my dry skin perpetually covered in pimples and blackheads?’ All skin produces sebum—even dry skin. Oil may still be at the core of the problem. The most common reasons dry skin breaks out include:

The skin is so dry that many dead layers have accumulated on the surface. If you don’t desquamate or exfoliate often, this dead skin can bait or trap oil in your pores, triggering breakouts.

Your skin is not naturally dry, but overuse of acne products has left it irritated and flaky. Sometimes irritation causes your skin to supply excess oil or sebum, but the flakiness hides the fact that your skin is oily.

Your dry skin may be an allergic reaction. Have you changed your diet recently, switched personal care products, or been in contact with anything new?

Use of anabolic steroids.

Steroid acne has almost the same symptoms as typical acne. But with steroid pimple or acne, systemic steroid use is what makes the oil or sebaceous glands susceptible to inflammation and infection. The steroids may be prescription medications, such as prednisone, or body-building formulations.

Exposure to high levels of Cl (chlorine) compounds, particularly chlorinated dioxins, can cause severe, long-lasting acne, known as Chloracne.

Misconceptions about causes

There are many misconceptions and rumours about what does and does not cause the condition:


does junk food really cause acne

One blemished study reputed that chocolate, french fries, potato chips and sugar, among others, affect acne. A recent review of scientific literature could not confirm either way. The agreement among health professionals is that pimples or acne sufferers ought to experiment with their diets and refrain from taking in such fare if they realize such food affects the severity of their pimple or acne. A recent study supported a survey of 47,335 women, did search a positive epidemiologic association between milk consumption and acne, particularly skimmed. The researchers theorize that the association could also be caused by hormones (such as bovine IGF-I) current in cow milk, however, this has not been definitively shown. Seafood, on the other hand, could contain comparatively high levels of iodine, however most likely not enough to cause an acne outbreak. Still, folks who are vulnerable to pimples might want to avoid excessive consumption of foods high in iodine.

It has conjointly been recommended that there’s a link between a diet high in refined sugars and acne. According to this hypothesis, the surprising absence of acne in non-westernized societies may be explained by the low glycemic index of those tribes’ diets. Further analysis is important to work out whether or not a reduced consumption of high-glycemic foods (such as soft drinks, sweets, white bread) will considerably alleviate acne. For general health reasons, consumption of high-glycemic foods should, in any case, be kept to a minimum.

Deficient personal hygiene

shaving helps clean and prevent pimple breakouts

Acne is not caused by dirt. This misconception or thought most likely comes from the fact that acne (disease of the skin) involves skin infections. The blockages that cause acne occur deep inside the narrow follicle channel, where it is impossible to wash them away. These plugs are developed by the cells and oil or sebum created there by the body. The bacteria concerned are the same bacteria (microorganism) that are always current on the skin. Regular cleansing of the skin will reduce, however not forestall, acne for a particular individual and very little variation among individuals is due to hygiene. Anything beyond very gentle cleansing can worsen existing lesions and even encourage new ones by damaging or overdrying skin.


how does sex affect acne

Common myths state that either celibacy (masturbation) cause acne and, conversely, that sexual activity can cure it. There is completely no scientific proof suggesting that any of these are factual. It is true, though, that anger and stress affect hormone levels and thus bodily oil production. Whether or not any increase in oil production due to stress or anger are enough to cause acne is presently being researched.

Top Five Acne Remedies

A good number of people are concerned about products to eliminate acne, yet perhaps the more important factor to consider is prevention. After all, prevention is better than cure. So, here are my five basics yet most important and effective ways to treat and prevent acne build-up.

  1. Cleaning

Washing away the surface layer of the skin with natural oils isn’t very useful in preventing acne or pimple for others, for it develops under the skin. Although it’s a belief that people develop acne because they don’t tidy up thoroughly. It should be noted that washing the skin too much can cause irritation which might produce more whiteheads and blackheads that turn into pimples after being infected. Use breezy soaps or cleanser such as Cetaphil or acne bars. Another beautiful sample is a Neutrogena product that washes acne.

  1. Exfoliating

It is very necessary to exfoliate; this helps take away the dead skin cells and maintains healthy and glowing skin. A breezy cleanser or soap will help exfoliate the face after washing. Scrubbing also will facilitate exfoliate the face, which can be done once or twice a week. This procedure will aid in reducing dead layers skin cells that clog the pores, reason why more pimples or acne.

  1. Keeping the skin Clear

Ensure that cosmetics like powder, lotion, blush on, foundation, and even sunscreen are oil-free

The SOD cream is an oil-free moisturizer that helps avoid dry skin

Develop the habit of using oil-free lotions

Avoid using hair chemicals like gels or hair cream

Continuously check on labels with the term non-comedogenic, which means they don’t cause pores to be clogged

  1. Proven Chemicals

Benzoyl Peroxide

This removes the bacteria that worsen acne or pimple and as well as unplugs oil secretions and helps pimples or acne to heal. With so many over-the-counter acne treatments, benzoyl peroxide can be found in many. Start traditionalistically with a five per cent moisturizer once every day after washing the face before going to bed. Make it twice weekly every day if no other medications are being taken or used. Try a ten per cent mixture if the acne is not yet healed after four to six weeks. However, you must seek a doctor’s prescription.


These are available only if there’s a doctor’s recommendation. Antibiotics are good to aid for pimples already swelling and red and usually have pus. These antibiotics eliminate the bacteria, which develop to whiteheads. Make sure to follow the doctor’s recommended dosage and do take the antibiotic pills with enough quantity of water. Some of these medicines for killing bacteria might also increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun, and as a precaution, do use sunscreen when going out to prevent any sunburn.


Accutane is antibiotics available only under a doctor’s order and instruction. Accutane is a highly optimized pill intended or meant for those with deep scars, or pimples that can’t be treated by other medications or antibiotics. A blood test is taken more often when consuming Accutane as medication, as this can affect blood levels cell and blood count. For women, the specialist or doctor, possibly an obstetrician-gynaecologist may require the intake of birth control pills before prescribing the Accutane. Extra caution is taken into consideration, as it can be very harmful to pregnant women. However, until now some specialist isn’t prescribing Accutane.

  1. Treatment Information

The treatment takes some time that is six to eight weeks for the pimple to heal after which there is another start of treatment. Some medications will cause the pimple to get even larger or redder before it gets well, there are times when these could have pus too. The doctor may suggest that the patient take an oral medicine if the acne still has not gone after a series of medications with other drugs. Doctors suggest this retinoid as a final treatment, due to its serious effects and it is also very expensive. Women are sometimes asked to consume birth control pills so it can help them control acne especially in women whose mood swings even before their period starts.

The best do it yourself home treatment for your acne. Click To Tweet

Do-It-Yourself home treatment for your acne

A lot of people think that treating acne requires that you see and consult for prescription. Well, you can treat it by yourself with solutions right in your home or garden! One of the commonly used home remedies is by applying Toothpaste on the face and allow it for some minutes or even stay overnight for some cases. You can also try a collection of paste or mask that are good options made from different plant species. Here are some solutions that you can choose from to apply on the affected parts; Salt and vinegar solution, lime, ripe tomatoes, meth (fenugreek) leaves, lemon, dried basil leaves, mint juice, cucumber, cornflour and egg white, sandalwood, roasted and powdered pomegranate, ground radish, oatmeal, almond powder, honey, ground orange peel, nutmeg and milk, turmeric and tender neem, ground sesame seeds, papaya, and drumstick pods and leaves. Truly natural home treatments for acne!

This kind of home treatment for acne ought to be applied to the face or other affected areas. After about 15 to 60 minutes, use a face towel and warm water to wash the solution. It only requires you to apply once or twice every day. You will notice that your face has less oil and zits are decreasing in number, which proofs that the home remedies for acne are working to cure your acne. Use it until you see satisfying results. Most application, however, may require you take it for up to 15 days or more. But you’ll be able to use a number of these treatments for acne every day to stop or prevent acne from coming back.

Across-the-counter products

If you think that it would be better to choose ready-made products as home treatments for acne or you just don’t have time to prepare home-made pastes or masks, then you should go straight to shops where you’ll purchase drugs commonly known as across-the-counter products. Benzoyl peroxide lotion is one of the most commonly used drugs as a home treatment for acne. It truly helps to dry the skin and shed the layer of dead skin.

Another amazing and dependable home treatment for pimple or acne is the cleanser. Using cleansers / white tea soap helps reduce the excess oil which greatly contributes to the appearance of acne. Washing your face twice a day provides your skin with the right amount of oil to make your skin moisturize.

It is worth following

Following some recommendations or tips on preventing and reducing the damage brought by acne is another good move. Don’t wait for acne to appear before you start looking for the remedies on how to get rid of acne or acne scars. The best way of getting rid of it is to prevent it from coming out in the first place. One thing besides keeping your face free from excess oil is to avoid pricking and squeezing your zits. This habit can simply worsen your acne problems. Let nature and time heal for you and you’ll see amazing results! Also, you should avoid using products (with a high percentage of isopropyl alcohol). that can be harmful to your face.

One thought on “What is Acne? Symptoms, Causes and Remedies

  1. Joel says:

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